Sharps and Flats

The Sharps and Flats represent a semitone up or down.

  • Sharp  – semitone up
  • Flat– semitone down

The Sharp

Sharp symbol

The five sharps on the piano are: C♯ – D♯ – F♯ – G♯ – A♯

All Sharps on Keyboard

The Flat

Flat symbol

The 5 flats on the piano are: D♭ – E♭ – G♭ – A♭ – B♭

All Flats on keyboard

How To Write Sharps And Flats On The Staff

The Sharps () are always written before the note.
The same applies to the Flats (♭).

Treble Clef

Sharps on treble clef
Flats on treble clef

Bass Clef

Sharps on Bass Clef
Flats on Bass clef


Enharmonics are essentially different spellings of the same keys on the piano.

For example, C Sharp and D Flat.

C sharp and D flat Enharmonic
C sharp equals d flat on piano

Here are the 5 sharps and flats sharing the same keys on the piano.

As you can see, the same key can be called both C sharp/D flatD sharp/E flat, etc.

All sharps and flats on keyboard

The Natural

Natural symbol

A Natural () cancels out any sharps or flats, and we play the original white key (the natural note). As with sharps and flats, the natural appears before the note.
In this example, The Natural cancels the F Sharp.

F Natural on staff