The Clefs

The Clef is our starting point, it orients us along the Staff.

For example, if we knew where C is, the next note up will be D, the note below would be B, and so on. 

In piano, there are two Clefs:

  • Treble Clef
  • Bass Clef

Treble Clef

Treble Clef

The Treble Clef is also called the G Clef, as it shows us where the G is. The G Clef is located on Line 2 of the staff.

G on Treble Clef

Here are all the notes on the Treble Clef:

Notes on Treble Clef

The Bass Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Clef is also called the F Clef, as it shows us where the F is. The F Clef is located on Line 4 of the staff.

F on Bass Clef

Let’s write down all the notes of the Bass Clef:

Notes on Bass Clef

The Piano Staff

The Piano Staff

The Piano Staff is essentially two staves joined together by a brace.
The vast majority of piano music is written for both hands, with the right hand playing the upper staff, and the left hand playing the lower staff.

Piano Staff with Brace

The Piano Staff covers this area on the piano, with the Middle C right in between:

Middle C on Keyboard